This article seeks to examine development in Lebanon through a political economy lens. First, it argues that the Lebanese system could be depicted as a confessional-rentier system. It also argues that the historic choices of the urban elites towards the peripheries are not simply a matter of governance; they are intimately linked to the confessional-rentier nature of the Lebanese system.

The article (co-written with Khalil Gebara) was published originally in 2007 and can be downloaded from the link below.

Development in a Polarized Society